Iter

Iterators

Iter

type Iter<T> = { next : () -> ?T }

An iterator that produces values of type T. Calling next returns null when iteration is finished.

Iterators are inherently stateful. Calling next "consumes" a value from the Iterator that cannot be put back, so keep that in mind when sharing iterators between consumers.

An iterater i can be iterated over using

for (x in i) {
  …do something with x…
}

range

class range(x : Nat, y : Int)

Creates an iterator that produces all Nat`s from `x to y including both of the bounds.

import Iter "mo:base/Iter";
let iter = Iter.range(1, 3);
assert(?1 == iter.next());
assert(?2 == iter.next());
assert(?3 == iter.next());
assert(null == iter.next());

next

func next() : ?Nat

revRange

class revRange(x : Int, y : Int)

Like range but produces the values in the opposite order.

next

func next() : ?Int

iterate

func iterate<A>(xs : Iter<A>, f : (A, Nat) -> ())

Calls a function f on every value produced by an iterator and discards the results. If you’re looking to keep these results use map instead.

import Iter "mo:base/Iter";
var sum = 0;
Iter.iterate<Nat>(Iter.range(1, 3), func(x, _index) {
  sum += x;
});
assert(6 == sum)

size

func size<A>(xs : Iter<A>) : Nat

Consumes an iterator and counts how many elements were produced (discarding them in the process).

map

func map<A, B>(xs : Iter<A>, f : A -> B) : Iter<B>

Takes a function and an iterator and returns a new iterator that lazily applies the function to every element produced by the argument iterator.

import Iter "mo:base/Iter";
let iter = Iter.range(1, 3);
let mappedIter = Iter.map(iter, func (x : Nat) : Nat { x * 2 });
assert(?2 == mappedIter.next());
assert(?4 == mappedIter.next());
assert(?6 == mappedIter.next());
assert(null == mappedIter.next());

make

func make<A>(x : A) : Iter<A>

Creates an iterator that produces an infinite sequence of x.

import Iter "mo:base/Iter";
let iter = Iter.make(10);
assert(?10 == iter.next());
assert(?10 == iter.next());
assert(?10 == iter.next());
// ...

fromArray

func fromArray<A>(xs : [A]) : Iter<A>

Creates an iterator that produces the elements of an Array in ascending index order.

import Iter "mo:base/Iter";
let iter = Iter.fromArray([1, 2, 3]);
assert(?1 == iter.next());
assert(?2 == iter.next());
assert(?3 == iter.next());
assert(null == iter.next());

fromArrayMut

func fromArrayMut<A>(xs : [var A]) : Iter<A>

Like fromArray but for Arrays with mutable elements. Captures the elements of the Array at the time the iterator is created, so further modifications won’t be reflected in the iterator.

fromList

func fromList<A>(xs : List.List<A>) : Iter<A>

Like fromArray but for Lists.

toArray

func toArray<A>(xs : Iter<A>) : [A]

Consumes an iterator and collects its produced elements in an Array.

import Iter "mo:base/Iter";
let iter = Iter.range(1, 3);
assert([1, 2, 3] == Iter.toArray(iter));

toArrayMut

func toArrayMut<A>(xs : Iter<A>) : [var A]

Like toArray but for Arrays with mutable elements.

toList

func toList<A>(xs : Iter<A>) : List.List<A>

Like toArray but for Lists.