Text

Text values

This type represents human-readable text as sequences of characters of type [Char](Char.html) . If t is a value of type Text, then: * t.chars() returns an iterator of type Iter<Char> enumerating its characters from first to last. * t.size() returns the size (or length) of t (and t.chars()) as a Nat.

This module defines additional operations on Text values.

fromChar

let fromChar : (c : Char) -> Text

Conversion. Returns the text value of size 1 containing the single character c.

toIter

func toIter(t : Text) : Iter.Iter<Char>

Conversion. Creates an iterator that traverses the characters of the text t.

fromIter

func fromIter(cs : Iter.Iter<Char>) : Text

Conversion. Returns the text value containing the sequence of characters in cs.

size

func size(t : Text) : Nat

Returns t.size(), the number of characters in t (and t.chars()).

hash

func hash(t : Text) : Hash.Hash

Returns a hash obtained by using the djb2 algorithm from http://www.cse.yorku.ca/~oz/hash.html

This function is good enough for use in a hash-table but it’s not a cryptographic hash function!

concat

func concat(t1 : Text, t2 : Text) : Text

Returns the concatenation of t1 and t2, t1 # t2.

equal

func equal(t1 : Text, t2 : Text) : Bool

Returns t1 == t2.

notEqual

func notEqual(t1 : Text, t2 : Text) : Bool

Returns t1 != t2.

less

func less(t1 : Text, t2 : Text) : Bool

Returns t1 < t2.

lessOrEqual

func lessOrEqual(t1 : Text, t2 : Text) : Bool

Returns t1 ⇐ t2.

greater

func greater(t1 : Text, t2 : Text) : Bool

Returns t1 > t2.

greaterOrEqual

func greaterOrEqual(t1 : Text, t2 : Text) : Bool

Returns t1 >= t2.

compare

func compare(t1 : Text, t2 : Text) : {#less; #equal; #greater}

Returns the order of t1 and t1.

join

func join(sep : Text, ts : Iter.Iter<Text>) : Text

Returns the concatenation of text values in ts, separated by sep.

map

func map(t : Text, f : Char -> Char) : Text

Returns the result of applying f to each character in ts, concatenating the intermediate single-character text values.

translate

func translate(t : Text, f : Char -> Text) : Text

Returns the result of applying f to each character in ts, concatenating the intermediate text values.

Pattern

type Pattern = {#char : Char; #text : Text; #predicate : (Char -> Bool)}

A pattern p describes a sequence of characters. A pattern has one of the following forms:

  • #char c matches the single character sequence, c.

  • #predicate p matches any single character sequence c satisfying predicate p(c).

  • #text t matches multi-character text sequence t.

A match for p is any sequence of characters matching the pattern p.

split

func split(t : Text, p : Pattern) : Iter.Iter<Text>

Returns the sequence of fields in t, derived from start to end, separated by text matching pattern p. Two fields are separated by exactly one match.

tokens

func tokens(t : Text, p : Pattern) : Iter.Iter<Text>

Returns the sequence of tokens in t, derived from start to end. A token is a non-empty maximal subsequence of t not containing a match for pattern p. Two tokens may be separated by one or more matches of p.

contains

func contains(t : Text, p : Pattern) : Bool

Returns true if t contains a match for pattern p.

startsWith

func startsWith(t : Text, p : Pattern) : Bool

Returns true if t starts with a prefix matching pattern p, otherwise returns false.

endsWith

func endsWith(t : Text, p : Pattern) : Bool

Returns true if t ends with a suffix matching pattern p, otherwise returns false.

replace

func replace(t : Text, p : Pattern, r : Text) : Text

Returns t with all matches of pattern p replaced by text r.

stripStart

func stripStart(t : Text, p : Pattern) : ?Text

Returns the optioned suffix of t obtained by eliding exactly one leading match of pattern p, otherwise null.

stripEnd

func stripEnd(t : Text, p : Pattern) : ?Text

Returns the optioned prefix of t obtained by eliding exactly one trailing match of pattern p, otherwise null.

trimStart

func trimStart(t : Text, p : Pattern) : Text

Returns the suffix of t obtained by eliding all leading matches of pattern p.

trimEnd

func trimEnd(t : Text, p : Pattern) : Text

Returns the prefix of t obtained by eliding all trailing matches of pattern p.

trim

func trim(t : Text, p : Pattern) : Text

Returns the subtext of t obtained by eliding all leading and trailing matches of pattern p.

compareWith

func compareWith(t1 : Text, t2 : Text, cmp : (Char, Char) -> {#less; #equal; #greater}) : {#less; #equal; #greater}

Returns the lexicographic comparison of t1 and t2, using the given character ordering cmp.

encodeUtf8

let encodeUtf8 : Text -> Blob

Returns the UTF-8 encoding of the given text

decodeUtf8

let decodeUtf8 : Blob -> ?Text

Tries to decode the given Blob as UTF-8. Returns null if the blob is not valid UTF-8.